How doctors diagnose hypertension
Aside from knowing the causes of hypertension, it’s important to know how to spot it.
High blood pressure is diagnosed with a blood pressure monitor. In this test, a doctor or nurse wraps a band around the patient’s arm. This band comes with a meter and pump. The person administering the test pumps the cuff and listens for pulsations as the meter reading drops.
The meter displays two numbers that make up a patient’s blood pressure. The number on the top of the meter is the systolic reading, which is the peak blood pressure when one’s heart is pumping blood to the rest of the body.
Meanwhile, the number on the bottom is the patient’s diastolic reading. This is the pressure a patient feels in his or her heart when it is filling up with blood, which completes the circulation process.
As a general rule, medical practitioners identify normal blood pressure as less than 120/80 mmHg. This is true regardless of the causes of a person’s hypertension. The following are the different stages of a patient’s blood pressure level: