Types and causes of hypertension
There are two types of hypertension:
Primary hypertension. Also known as essential hypertension, this is the most common type of hypertension. There is usually no contributory factor and the development of this condition is spread out over years. This condition is a culmination of a patient’s environment, lifestyle, diet, and age.
Secondary hypertension. This condition occurs when the effects of a certain medicine or a correlated health problem cause high blood pressure. The causes of this kind of hypertension include:
- Sleep apnea
- Kidney problems
- Problems relating to the adrenal gland or thyroid
- Several medicines and drugs like Acetaminophen, Amphetamines, Cocaine, Antidepressants, etc.
High blood pressure develops over an extended period of time, Many factors can be causes of hypertension. It can occur to individuals that do not get enough exercise, as well as those who have diets that are high in fat and salt. It is also worth noting that certain health conditions, such as obesity and diabetes, can increase a patient’s risk for high blood pressure.
High blood pressure that develops during pregnancy is gestational hypertension.