Hypothyroidism means that your thyroid gland is underactive and produces too little thyroid hormone. This condition makes our body work slowly and results in symptoms, such as:
- Weight gain
- Dry hair and skin
- Impaired memory and concentration
- Mood swings
- Intolerance or sensitivity to cold
Left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to complications like osteoporosis, heart disease, and high cholesterol. Often, people with an underactive thyroid receive hormone replacement to replenish their thyroid hormone supply.
Hyperthyroidism indicates that the thyroid is overactive; in other words, it’s producing too much thyroid hormone that makes our body work too fast. This condition results in symptoms such as:
Hyperthyroidism may lead to heart problems, eye problems, brittle bones, and red, swollen skin when not managed.
Someone who has an overactive thyroid may receive anti-thyroid medications or radioactive thyroid therapy. Additionally, the doctor may recommend thyroid surgery.
Benign nodular thyroid disease
Another common post-menopausal thyroid problem is benign nodular thyroid disease.
In this condition, the thyroid develops non-cancerous nodules or cysts. When the nodule is large, or there are multiple nodules, your thyroid may grow bigger (goiter).