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Osteoporosis is a Latin word that means “porous bone,” which is an accurate description of what happens to the bones of people with osteoporosis. People with osteoporosis have low bone mass, and the structures of their bone deteriorate over time. Their bones can easily break, and a fall can cause serious damage.
At a young age, it is important to take osteoporosis prevention steps. As we get older, we become more vulnerable to the effects of this disease. A person with low bone mass may not notice any problems when they are young. But as they mature, they may start to suffer from the effects of osteoporosis.
The most severe complication of osteoporosis is bone fractures. A person who has osteoporosis is at more risk of a fracture caused by an injury or fall. If a fracture occurs on the spin, this is particularly dangerous. It can cause back pain and a hunched posture.
Worldwide, over 53 million people have osteoporosis or at high risk of developing this disease. In the Philippines, around 10.3 million will be affected by 2030. Osteoporosis is a serious condition, and osteoporosis prevention should always be a priority.
Osteoporosis does not usually show any symptoms early on. However, once it has progressed to the point that the bone loss is severe, the following symptoms may start to appear:
These symptoms manifest in old age as our bones naturally get weaker over time. It is also possible for younger people to develop osteoporosis. However, this is very rare and is usually caused by another illness, such as juvenile arthritis or diabetes.
Young people usually do not need to worry about osteoporosis. By merely taking in osteoporosis prevention, you can lower your risk of developing osteoporosis in the future.
However, older people should talk to their doctor about osteoporosis before experiencing any symptoms. Osteoporosis is a silent disease. A person with this condition may not know that they are at risk until they suffer a fall or hurt themselves.
Our bones are constantly growing. Older bone gets broken down, and new bone grows to replace it. This process frequently happens when you are younger. But once you are in your 20s, it starts to slow down. Tt progressively gets slower as you grow older. Your bone mass usually peaks when you are 30 years old. And from there, your bone mass starts to deteriorate.
Eventually, this will get to the point where your bone loss occurs faster than the creation of new bone. When this happens, your bones become weaker and become more vulnerable to fractures. Older people are more at risk of injury as their bones are very fragile.
Osteoporosis occurs when you do not reach peak bone mass in your youth. When you mature, your bones become weaker and more fragile compared to those who have reached peak bone mass.
Young people are encouraged to eat the right, balanced diet, and take supplements to strengthen their bones.
Here are some of the possible risk factors for osteoporosis:
Osteoporosis is diagnosed through what is called a Bone Mineral Density test or BMD. A BMD test helps measure your bone mass. It also helps determine if you have osteoporosis or are at risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Doctors will use this test as well to see if you will respond well to osteoporosis treatment.
It is a painless procedure, similar to an X-ray, so you do not have to worry.
Based on the results, your doctor will be able to determine the best treatment plan for you.
Treatment depends on your current bone health. Here are some of the possible treatments that your doctor may recommend:
By far, the best way to deal with osteoporosis is through osteoporosis prevention. This condition manifests in old age. Take steps to prevent it while you are still young to lower your risk significantly.
Osteoporosis is a serious condition that affects millions of people globally. However, it is a preventable and treatable disease. Taking osteoporosis prevention steps early on can help reduce the possibility of developing this disease later on.
Learn more about Osteoporosis here.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Osteoporosis – Prevention – NHS, https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/osteoporosis/prevention/, Accessed June 05 2020
Osteoporosis Overview | NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center, https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/overview#f, Accessed June 05 2020
Osteoporosis – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968, Accessed June 05 2020
What is Osteoporosis? | International Osteoporosis Foundation, https://www.iofbonehealth.org/what-is-osteoporosis#:~:text=Osteoporosis%2C%20which%20literally%20means%20porous,until%20the%20first%20fracture%20occurs., Accessed June 05 2020
Osteoporosis – NHS, https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/osteoporosis/, Accessed June 05 2020
Learn What Osteoporosis Is and What It’s Caused by, https://www.nof.org/patients/what-is-osteoporosis/, Accessed June 05 2020
Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Tests & Treatment, https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4443-osteoporosis, Accessed June 05 2020