Such approaches usually include improvements in lifestyle — including dietary changes and exercise— including use of medicine to lower cholesterol. You and your physician need to agree together on the best approaches for your particular situation.
Why Should This Test be Repeated?
Normally, screening tests for lipid profiles for adults 20 years or older are recommended. Because of the modern lifestyle, studies have shown many patients who are under 15 but still have a significant risk for heart disease. However, it is best to follow medical advice.
This bad cholesterol test may be repeated at regular intervals for people at risk of the following atherosclerosis risk factors, as a part of your yearly health check-up or if the doctor recommends.
- If they are smokers
- High blood pressure
- Premature heart disease or very high cholesterol level in the immediate family
This test can be repeated every one or two years if the blood test result is normal and the risk is low. For those under treatment for high cholesterol or any other heart disease, your doctor may advise you to repeat the test every few months to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment.
The blood test should be performed after fasting overnight.
Procedure for LDL test
An LDL test requires only a clear sample of blood. This could also be called a venipuncture or drawing blood. It’s commonly done in the morning after 12 hours of fasting.
The healthcare provider will start by applying antiseptic to the region from where the blood will be drawn. Normally, blood is drawn from a vein in your elbow fold or at the back of your hand.
The medical professional will then tie an elastic band around the upper arm. That makes blood accumulate in the vein. A sterile needle is inserted into your vein, and blood is drained into a tube. You may experience mild to moderate pain that resembles a burning or piercing sensation. The discomfort will normally be lessened by calming your arm when the blood is being drawn.
A bandage will be applied to the wound once he/she is finished drawing blood. Pressure should be applied to the wound to help stop bleeding and prevent bruise. The blood is sent to a medical laboratory for LDL levels to be measured.
Learn more about cholesterol management, here.