Understanding the Results
Low density lipoprotein reflects bad cholesterol. Consider the “L” as “lousy” in LDL. High levels of LDL increase the likelihood of a heart disease.
Your real LDL target depends on whether you have heart disease risk factors, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, or not. However, generally the LDL results are as below:
- Less than 100 mg/dL: Optimal
- 100-129 mg/dL: Near optimal
- 130-159 mg/dL: Borderline high
- 160-189 mg/dL: High
Your doctor will discuss strategies with you to lower your LDL by some percentage based on your risk for heart disease.
Such approaches usually include improvements in lifestyle — including dietary changes and exercise— including use of medicine to lower cholesterol. You and your physician need to agree together on the best approaches for your particular situation.
Why Should This Test be Repeated?
Normally, screening tests for lipid profiles for adults 20 years or older are recommended. Because of the modern lifestyle, studies have shown many patients who are under 15 but still have a significant risk for heart disease. However, it is best to follow medical advice.
This bad cholesterol test may be repeated at regular intervals for people at risk of the following atherosclerosis risk factors, as a part of your yearly health check-up or if the doctor recommends.
- If they are smokers
- High blood pressure
- Premature heart disease or very high cholesterol level in the immediate family
This test can be repeated every one or two years if the blood test result is normal and the risk is low. For those under treatment for high cholesterol or any other heart disease, your doctor may advise you to repeat the test every few months to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment.