The Pancreas and Diabetes
The pancreas is at the heart of diabetes, as this is organ that makes insulin. Specificially, the islets of Langerhans are a cluster of cells found in the pancreas that have this role. Insulin is produced in the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans. Meanwhile, the alpha cells of the Islets of Langerhans produce glucagon.
The pancreas is located in the abdomen, behind the stomach. Most pancreatic cells also produce digestive enzymes, which the pancreas secretes into the gut. These enzymes are essential in the digestion of food.
Type 1 diabetics’ bodies don’t produce enough insulin. That’s why, to manage blood glucose levels, insulin injection is an integral part of type 1 diabetes treatment.
In contrast, the bodies of type 2 diabetics are unable to respond effectively to insulin. This can result in higher-than-normal blood sugar levels.
What Is the Endocrine System?
At its core, the endocrine system is responsible for regulating many of the body’s processes. The endocrine system is a highly complex network of hormones controlled by endocrine glands spread throughout the body. Beyond diabetes, an endocrine system that is not functioning properly can result in several conditions.