Similarly, studies show that people with type 2 diabetes can benefit from keto diet. Keto diet, like low-carb diet, helps in weight loss. In addition, being in a state of nutritional ketosis helps lower the body’s insulin requirements because there is not too much glucose to absorb. One study concluded that people with type 2 diabetes who followed the keto diet for a year achieved a lower glycohemoglobin – a measure of glucose in the blood – and relied on less medication to control their glucose.
While both low-carb and keto diet help restrict carbohydrate consumption, both diet plans require a regular assessment. Moreover, these meal plans may not be suitable for certain groups of patients, such as people with type 1 diabetes, pregnant or lactating women, patients with kidney disease, and patients suffering from eating disorders. Lastly, there is little data available about these diets’ long-term safety, efficacy, and sustainability.
Low-Carb Diet vs Keto? No Quick Answers for Diabetes
Given this data, the latest recommendations for the management of type 2 diabetes do not support any special diets. An individualized evaluation of treatment goals and current eating patterns must be done. That way, doctors and nutritionists can come up with a diet plan that would be best for each individual.
While there are a number of dietary approaches that can be explored in the management of diabetes, emphasis should always be placed on the importance of the source of carbohydrate. Choosing nutrient-dense, high-fiber carbohydrates is best. Likewise, limiting consumption of high-sugar products such as sweetened beverages.
Before choosing a low-carb diet vs keto or beginning any diet, it is best to speak with your healthcare team. Both of these diets can significantly reduce your blood sugar levels, and your doctor might need to adjust the dosing or frequency of your current medications to avoid hypoglycemia.