What Causes Migraines in Females?
Several factors can cause migraines, but in women, it is usually caused by hormones. What causes migraines in females? The level of hormones fluctuates due to a variety of factors. Among the most significant fluctuations happen during specific times:
1. Before the Start of Menstruation
A day or two before your period, estrogen levels drop to prepare your uterus for menstruation. Migraines can result from this hormone drop.
2. While a Woman Is Pregnant
In the first trimester, your estrogen level rises rapidly to help your placenta and uterus transfer nutrients to the baby more efficiently.
3. A Few Days After Giving Birth
In the days and weeks following delivery, your level of estrogen declines since you are no longer supporting a pregnancy.
4. During Menopause or Perimenopause
During menopause, or even before menopause (perimenopause), the levels of hormones fluctuate.
5. When Taking Contraceptive Pills
Oral contraceptives alter the hormone levels in your body, which can trigger migraines to occur.
Other Migraine Triggers
Hormones play a significant role in headaches, but they are not the only cause. What causes migraines in females? Migraines can occur from heightened stress or emotional distress.
Among the factors of what causes migraines in females are:
- Anxiety – Stress can lead to anxiety, which leads to eating unhealthy food, having a disrupted sleep schedule, and engaging in other behaviors that can trigger migraines.
- Glare – Computer screens, sunlight or overhead lights may irritate your eyes and cause headaches.
- Physical activity – Excessive exercise may cause swelling of blood vessels in your head, neck and scalp, resulting in a migraine.
- Sensitivities to certain foods – Neurotransmitters released by some foods and drinks can cause headaches. There are many triggers for this condition including caffeine, chocolate, and alcohol.
Other triggers also include: