During the first trimester, tension headaches are the most common type of headache that can arise. This is because your body is going through a plethora of changes that can cause a disruption in your blood sugar levels. These headaches can also happen because of weight changes.
Some causes of headaches during the first trimester are:
- Hypersensitivity to light, food smell, etc.
- Reduced physical activity
- Poor eating habits or nutrition intake
- Poor sleeping patterns
- Nausea and vomiting
- Eye power change
During the second and third trimester, your causes can evolve and happen due to reasons such as:
- Conditions developed during pregnancy, such as hypertension or diabetes
- Poor diet
- Bad posture
- Extra weight gain (more than required)
- Inadequate sleep
- Strain in the muscles
Headache for pregnancy can happen due to many reasons. Some risk factors that make you prone to getting these headaches are:
- Already existing medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, migraine etc.
- Improper lifestyle habits like poor diet and no exercise
- Pre-existing hormonal imbalance because of issues like PCOD
- Obesity or drastic weight gain
Speak to your doctor about a complete body analysis to understand what may expose you to headaches during pregnancy.
Headache During Pregnancy: Treatment
Treatment for headache during pregnancy depends on the underlying issue or condition that causes it. Often, tension headaches can resolve on their own with minimal supervision and with the help of home remedies.
If you have a headache due to hypertension, your doctor may prescribe medications to bring it down. Or if you have low blood pressure, your doctor may recommend some changes in your diet.
If you have migraine headaches, your doctor may prescribe beta-blockers such as propranolol and labetalol. Though these will only be recommended in low doses.
For treating regular headaches, acetaminophen is often prescribed. Though these should be consumed under your doctor’s guidance.