Headaches: Types, Causes, Remedies

Medically reviewed by | By

Update Date 16/06/2020 . 4 mins read
Share now

Everyone has experienced a headache at one point in their lives. For the most part, dealing with headaches is relatively simple; you just need to lay down, or close your eyes for a bit and the headache goes away. But what should you do if the headache does not go away? Are there any types of headaches to worry about?

What are the types of headaches?

Headaches are categorized into two main types: primary and secondary.

Aside from these two main types, headaches also vary depending on what’s causing the headache, as well as where the pain is located. For the most part, headaches that are extremely painful, or headaches that don’t go away are the types of headaches to worry about.

Primary Headaches

Primary headaches are headaches caused by overactivity in the brain, or problems with the muscles, nerves, or blood vessels of the neck. In some cases, primary headaches can also be hereditary. Primary headaches are usually not symptoms of an underlying disease.

Here are some types of primary headaches:

  • Cluster headaches
  • Migraine
  • Tension headaches

Some types of primary headaches can also sometimes be a symptom of an underlying disease, namely the following:

  • Cough headaches
  • Exercise headaches
  • Sex headaches
  • Chronic headaches that happen on a daily basis

Secondary Headaches

Secondary headaches on the other hand, are headaches that result from the symptom of a disease. Diseases that cause secondary headaches usually affect the nerves of the head. Some of these are the types of headaches to worry about, so it is important to pay attention to any pain you are feeling.

Here are some possible causes of secondary headaches:

  • Sinus infection
  • Arterial tears
  • Blood clots
  • Brain aneurysm
  • Brain tumor
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Toothache
  • Dehydration
  • Meningitis
  • Ear infections
  • Stroke
  • Panic attacks
  • Glaucoma

Secondary headaches can vary in severity and duration, depending on what’s causing the headache in the first place.

What Causes These Headaches?

The short answer is that, for primary headaches, doctors do not usually know what the specific cause is. However, doctors can rule out the brain tissue and the skull, since these do not have any nerves that can cause pain.

What this means is that it is usually the nerves, blood vessels, or muscles in the head or even in the neck that might be causing the headache.

The causes of secondary headaches also vary depending on what illness is causing the headache. This is why it can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of a headache, since there are a lot of possible causes.

What Are the Types of Headaches to Worry About?

Headaches are a common occurrence and while some people experience it more often than others, it usually isn’t a cause for concern.

But there are certain types of headaches to worry about, and it is important to know what these are so that you can seek treatment immediately.

Here are some things to watch out for:

  • Chronic headaches that happen after age 50
  • Headaches that get worse when you move or cough
  • Headaches that wake you up when you’re asleep
  • Any type of headache that makes you unable to do your daily activities
  • Experiencing a headache after hitting your head
  • Headaches that keep getting worse
  • A severe headache that has never happened before
  • Sudden changes in personality or mood
  • Headaches that happen with fever, stiff neck, weakness, fatigue, numbness, difficulty speaking
  • Headaches with pain in your temples
  • Having a red eye along with a headache

If you experience any headaches similar to any mentioned above, it would be a good idea to talk to your doctor about it. It is always a good idea to listen to what your body tells you, especially when it comes to headaches.

Lifestyle Changes & Home Remedies

While headaches are caused by different things, there are certain lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help lower the risk of having headaches in general. Here are some things that you can do:

  • Take a break every so often. Working too hard for extended periods of time can cause headaches, so it is important to take a break to clear your head.
  • Be sure to get at least 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night. Sleep lets your mind and your body rest, and gets you ready for the day ahead.
  • If you are constantly stressed, try and find time to relax and de-stress. Stress can put your body under a lot of strain, and it is not a good idea to always be stressed out.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Having a healthy diet leads to a healthy body, and can help lower the risk of conditions such as hypertension that can cause headaches.
  • Engage in daily exercise. Exercising for at least 30 minutes each day can help keep your body strong, and also regulates your bodily functions. However, if your headaches are triggered by exercise, it would be best to do it in moderation.
  • If you feel any strange symptoms or experience a sudden, severe headache, do not hesitate to contact your doctor. Headaches that come suddenly are a genuine cause for concern, and it is always a good idea to talk to your doctor about it to make sure that it is nothing to worry about.
  • If you are working in a dangerous environment, be sure to wear head protection such as a helmet. This is also true if you engage in sports such as rugby, or boxing.
  • Drinking tea can sometimes help manage the pain that headaches cause.

Key Takeaways

Everyone experiences headaches, and they can be frustrating to deal with especially if you don’t even know the cause. However it is important to not dismiss any strange symptoms, or severe headaches, since these can be a sign of an underlying condition.

It’s always a good idea to talk to your doctor if you think that there’s something wrong. At the end of the day, it’s still better than just ignoring the symptoms only to find out later that you already have a serious health problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Was this article helpful for you ?
happy unhappy

You might also like

Common Types of Addictions

The common types of addictions today are more than just vices like smoking, gambling, and alcoholism. Learn more about these addictions today.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Stephanie Nicole G. Nera
Addiction 14/01/2021 . 3 mins read

My Child Is Being Cyberbullied – How Do I Intervene?

Cyberbullying can take a toll on your teen's mental health. If you find yourself thinkng, my child is being cyberbullied, here are the steps to take.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Lorraine Bunag, R.N.
Mental Health 14/01/2021 . 3 mins read

Urinary Incontinence in Older Adults: What Can You Do to Help

Urinary incontinence in older adults is a common occurrence. Learn the types, causes, and how to manage urinary incontinence.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Tracey Romero
Bladder Disease 14/01/2021 . 4 mins read

Difference Between Psoriasis and Dandruff?: What to Know

What's the difference between psoriasis and dandruff? Check out this article to learn the key differences between the two.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Den Alibudbud
Psoriasis 14/01/2021 . 3 mins read

Recommended for you

what are the most common skin problems

Signs and Symptoms of Common Skin Problems

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Kip Soliva
Published on 14/01/2021 . 3 mins read
early adolescence milestones

Early Adolescence Milestones: 5 Crucial Tips in Parenting a Teen

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Lorraine Bunag, R.N.
Published on 14/01/2021 . 3 mins read
symptoms of stress incontinence

Symptoms of Stress Incontinence

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Den Alibudbud
Published on 14/01/2021 . 2 mins read
signs you might have a deviated septum

7 Signs You Might Have A Deviated Septum

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Kip Soliva
Published on 14/01/2021 . 4 mins read