About the polio vaccine
Polio vaccination in the Philippines include both the oral and injectable forms of the vaccine. The oral polio vaccine (OPV) is administered by drops into the mouth. OPV is a live vaccine that offers protection against the 3 types of poliovirus. In addition, OPV gives more protection against “wild” types of the virus.
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the second vaccine. Because IPV is inactivated, it is less likely to cause certain side effects or a strong immune response. It is an IM injection into a muscle in the thigh or arm.
It is best to give both OPV and IPV for total protection against all types of poliovirus.
Immunization schedule of polio vaccination in the Philippines
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children should be given 4 doses of the polio vaccine. The first dose is at 2 months, second at 4 months, third between 6 and 18 months, and the last dose between 4 and 6 years old.
The polio vaccination schedule in the Philippines starts at 6 to 8 weeks old (1 ½ to 2 months). The second dose at 10 to 16 weeks old (2 ½ to 3 months). The third dose at 14 weeks to 6 months (3 ½ months to 6 months. These 3 doses are of OPV. The last vaccine is IPV, given with the third OPV dose.
If your child misses an OPV dose, give the IPV vaccine before they turn 1 year old. Adults with incomplete polio immunization or never vaccinated will need 1 to 3 doses of IPV.