Important: Please note that the immunization schedule may change depending on what the doctor finds out about your child’s condition and health needs.
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)
PCV helps protect your child against possibly fatal pneumococcal infections, such as pneumonia and meningitis. Moreover, PCV may also offer protection against pneumococcal-related ear infections, sinus infections, and bacteremia (blood infection).
Under the Expanded Program on Immunization, a child receives PCV along with the pentavalent vaccine. Another dose may follow when the child is anywhere from 12 to 15 months old.
Oral polio vaccine (OPV) and the inactivated polio vaccine
OPV and IPV protect a child against poliomyelitis, a potentially-debilitating viral infection.
OPV is given along with the pentavalent and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Among all the vaccines, this one is perhaps the easiest to give because your baby just needs a few drops to be vaccinated.
IPV requires an injection. Children may receive it at 14 weeks along with the Pentavalent Vaccine to make a Hexavalent (6-in-1) Vaccine.
MMR vaccine protects your child from:
- Mumps: also known as beke; it’s a viral infection affecting the salivary glands; it can lead to various complications like inflammation of the ovaries, testes, pancreas, and brain.
- Measles: also called tigdas; it is a highly contagious viral infection that not only causes fever and rash but can also result in complications like ear infection, diarrhea, and conjunctivitis.
- Rubella: this is another contagious viral infection that causes rashes, fever, and most prominently, enlargement and tenderness at the back of the neck.
Under the DOH immunization schedule, children receive it twice: once when they turn nine months old and the next in their 12th month.
Please note that the above mentioned vaccines are included in the DOH Expanded Program on Immunization for children 0 -12 months old. However, the Philippine Pediatrics Society, along with the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines, recommends additional vaccines.
Children may receive these vaccines before they turn a year old, or after – early or late in their childhood:
- Rotavirus, which protects children from a virus causing diarrheal diseases such as gastroenteritis.
- JE vaccine, which offers protection from Japanese Encephalitis
- Hepatitis A vaccine
- Varicella vaccine, which helps protect them from chickenpox
- HPV vaccine, which protects from human papillomavirus infection (a risk factor for cervical cancer)
In most cases, if your child misses a dose, you don’t need to start over. Talk to your doctor about the vaccines your child currently has.
Finally, remember that immunization routine may vary depending on the child’s condition or the vaccine used. The best thing to do is to bring your child to a doctor. They will be able to assign the appropriate vaccines for them and set an immunization schedule.
Keep track of your child’s immunization schedule with our vaccination tool!