Experts believe that men are more prone to developing liver cancer because they’re more inclined to engaging in habits and activities that cause damage and scarring to the liver.
Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C Infections
Liver cirrhosis, which is one of the leading causes of primary liver cancer, can result from scarring caused by Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C (HCV) virus infections. An estimated 80% of liver cancer cases around the world have resulted from HBV or HCV infections.
Hepatitis is characterized by inflammation in the liver, and has 5 different types depending on the virus that caused it. Hepatitis B is transmitted through infected bodily fluids like blood or semen. And Hepatitis C is primarily passed on through infected blood.
HBC or HCV is one of the risk factors of liver cancer because of how the disease can lead to scarring of the liver tissue over a long period of time. HCV has shown to create a higher risk of liver cancer because of the lack of symptoms present once you have this disease.
Liver cirrhosis can result from all types of behavior and habits, and even medical conditions. Once a liver is scarred, or has cirrhosis, the cells in the liver become damaged.
Most people with liver cancer have some degree of scarring on their livers.
Liver cirrhosis can be caused by alcohol abuse, cystic fibrosis, hepatitis, and other conditions.
Alcohol Abuse and Smoking
Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are both behaviors that have a negative overall effect on a person’s health and wellbeing. Alcohol abuse can significantly increase a person’s risk of liver cancer, as long time drinking can lead to damage and scarring on the liver.
Meanwhile, cigarettes contain a myriad of harmful chemicals that negatively affects the body’s production of iron. Excessive iron can cause a problem in the liver called hemochromatosis.
This condition also increases a person’s risk of developing liver cancer.
Diabetes results from high blood sugar levels. This happens when there is too much glucose in the blood, which can come from the food you eat.
Diabetes is linked to an increased risk of liver cancer, because people who have diabetes are more susceptible to developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NFLD) can cause a build-up of fat in the liver which can lead to liver cirrhosis, one of the primary risk factors of liver cancer.
Diabetes: Everything you need to know