What is diabetes?
When we eat, food is turned into energy when it’s broken down into sugar, called glucose. Blood sugar levels go up, signaling the pancreas to release insulin, which allows glucose to enter the cells and be used as energy. With diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin or it can’t use the insulin as well as it could be. A lack of insulin or a problem with how cells use insulin could result in too much sugar in the bloodstream. This could lead to heart disease, vision loss, or even kidney disease. There is no cure yet, but there are ways to manage this condition. These include weight loss or maintenance, healthy eating, physical activity, self-management, support, and following doctor’s orders. Because of this, making snacks for diabetics will need a bit more preparation and planning.
Type 1 diabetes refers to an autoimmune reaction stopping the body from forming insulin. It’s mostly diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes is when insulin not used well. Those with this type have difficulty keeping blood sugar levels normal. It affects older adults more often.