Presbycusis is the term used to refer to hearing loss that occurs due to age. As you age, you may start to have difficulty distinguishing between different sounds. Impaired function of the structures located inside the ear can also lead to a loss of balance for the elderly.
Quality of eyesight can also degrade, along with increasing sensitivity to glare or extreme brightness. Aside from that, aging can also make it hard for you to see from your peripheral vision. This is why most elderly folk are not advised to drive especially if they are finding problems with their vision.
Smell and Taste
The sense of smell is also affected by aging. What’s more, over time, there will be fewer taste buds present on the tongue. As the sense of smell and taste are related, together they may contribute to a reduced ability to taste properly.
Effects of Aging on Bones, Joints, and Muscles
As a person ages, they may become shorter because of changes in the structure of the foot arches and even the spine. You may also experience a loss of bone mass or density, which makes you more susceptible to fractures. Loss in bone mass and density can also result in osteoporosis.
The tissue between joints called cartilage may become worn out, which can lead to arthritis. You may experience a reduced range in movement and flexibility. Fortunately, exercise can help prevent and counter these effects.
Effects on the Digestive System
Aging affects the digestive system by making you more prone to constipation. This is because the process of digestion starts to slow down as a person grows older. Thus there’s a need to adjust one’s diet depending on your digestive health, current health conditions, and daily dietary needs.
Aside from that, you may start to experience difficulties in swallowing due to the reduced function of the esophagus.
Effects of Aging on Kidneys and Bladder
If you manage to promote your health despite your age, then the normal function of your kidneys might not be affected. Also, if you suffer from an illness or are regularly take medication then issues may arise involving your kidneys and bladder.
As you age, some changes take place in the bladder. It may become less stretchy and might not be able to hold as much urine as it used to. This can result in a difficulty in holding in urine (urinary incontinence) or completely emptying out the bladder (urinary retention).
The kidneys may also become less effective at filtering waste from the blood.