Vitamins are necessary nutrients that are needed by the body to carry out a wide variety of processes. These vitamins are either fat-soluble or water-soluble, and vitamin C, which is important when discussing scurvy disease, is water-soluble. Vitamin C is found in citrus fruits, strawberries, brussels sprouts, different kinds of peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, turnips, and other leafy vegetables.
Because vitamin C is water-soluble, the body is unable to store it well; unused vitamin C passes through the urine. For this reason, we all need a steady source of vitamin C in our diet. The daily recommended allowance (RDA) of vitamin C is as follows:
- 90 mg daily for men
- 75 mg for women
- 85 mg for pregnant women
- 120 mg for lactating women
Smoking depletes vitamin C levels in the body. Doctors recommend that smokers get an additional 35 mg of vitamin C beyond the typical RDA.
The human body needs vitamin C for basic physiological functions. Vitamins help in the processing of substances such as folic acid, tryptophan, and tyrosine. It facilitates the processing and conversion of cholesterol to steroid or bile acids, thus lowering the blood cholesterol level of the body.