Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is present in food or in the form of a supplement. A lack of Vitamin B12 can result in anemia, as your body needs this vitamin for the production of red blood cells. Other causes of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia also include:
- Lack of a substance called “intrinsic factor” which assists the body in absorbing vitamin B12
- Recent surgery that affected the small intestine
- Celiac or Crohn’s disease which are conditions that interfere with the body’s ability to absorb nutrients
- Having a tapeworm
3. Vitamin C Deficiency Anemia
This vitamin is essential in the circulation of blood, as it helps the body absorb iron better. But if you don’t eat or drink enough food or beverages with vitamin C, or if you smoke, you may develop this condition.
Signs and Indicators
Usually, people with vitamin deficiency anemia don’t notice that they have this condition because of the mild symptoms. Signs and symptoms may include the following:
- Dizziness or feeling faint
- Yellowed or pale skin
- Feeling cold in the extremities
- Numbness in the extremities
- Forgetfulness or difficulty focusing or remembering things
- Weight loss
Who Is at Risk of Vitamin Deficiency Anemia?
Certain conditions can increase a person’s risk of acquiring this condition. These are the following:
- Diet: If your diet doesn’t have enough vegetables, fruits, or meat then you might be at risk of vitamin deficiency anemia. If you’re a vegetarian, you might also be at risk considering the lack of meat and dairy in your diet.
- Pregnancy: A pregnant woman’s demand for folate increases for the proper development of her baby. Not getting enough folate, or not taking a supplement may put a pregnant woman at risk.
- Medical conditions: Illnesses affecting the functions of the small intestine can cause problems in the absorption of vitamins.
- Alcohol: Excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages can interfere with the body’s absorption of vitamins.
If you suspect that you have vitamin deficiency anemia, it’s best to consult a medical practitioner as soon as possible. This condition can have serious complications like: