What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a mild and common type of gum disease. It can cause swelling, inflammation, redness, and irritation in your gums.
While it may be mild for the most part, it would be ideal to treat gingivitis right away. Gingivitis could easily lead to periodontitis, which can make your teeth become loose and potentially end up with tooth loss.
Sometimes gingivitis can be hard to notice because it can be painless. Some people may only experience bleeding gums, but that can vary from person to person.
What is the Difference: Gingivitis and Bleeding Gums?
Simply put, bleeding gums is a symptom of gingivitis. However, that does not mean that all cases of bleeding gums are due to gingivitis.
A quick trip to the dentist can help you determine if you have gingivitis. Here are some of the potential causes of gingivitis and bleeding gums.
What Causes Gingivitis?
Poor oral hygiene is a very common cause of gingivitis. When plaque builds up along your gum line, it can cause gingivitis. This happens especially when you do not brush or floss your teeth regularly.
Anyone can develop gingivitis, especially if they have poor oral hygiene habits. However, many factors may increase your chances of getting gingivitis, which can include:
- Medical conditions like certain fungal or viral infections
- Hormonal changes (birth control pills, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, etc.)
- Certain drugs like phenytoin
- Immunity decreasing conditions like cancer treatment or leukemia
- Crooked teeth/improperly fitted dental restorations that are hard to clean
- Poor nutrition like a vitamin C deficiency
- Dry mouth
- Old age
- Chewing and smoking tobacco
What Causes Bleeding Gums?
As we mentioned earlier, bleeding gums can be a symptom of gum disease like gingivitis. However, here is a quick look at the other potential causes of bleeding gums.