Signs and symptoms of diabetic kidney disease
Because this disease targets kidney function, the body retains more water than normal, resulting in weight gain and ankle swelling. Early on in the disease, there may be increased albumin (protein) in the urine and more bathroom visits at night.
Since the kidneys cannot remove excess fluid, the pressure of the bladder on the kidneys injures them further, giving rise to infection from the buildup of bacteria. Those with the disease may be found to have high blood pressure and urine with high sugar levels.
Signs that develop later on include
- Higher levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness or fatigue
- Muscle cramps
What puts one at risk for diabetic kidney disease and its complications?
Diabetes, to an extent, is influenced by lifestyle factors, which in turn influence how long it takes for diabetes to cause kidney damage. These include:
- Not adhering to a proper diet plan
- Eating too much salty food
- Being inactive
- Being overweight
- Having heart disease
- Having a family history of kidney disease
Too much damage to the kidneys can cause end-stage kidney failure, which can only be treated with dialysis or kidney transplant.