Our kidneys are unique and vital organs. These two organs are located toward the back of the abdominal cavity, but generally we can’t see or feel them. What do they do? A kidney’s job is to filter blood and create urine. Additionally, it is responsible for removing waste and toxins and also helps regulate our blood pressure.
Just like the heart, our kidneys are working 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for our entire lives. In fact, a healthy set of kidneys filters about 140 liters of blood each day. This is important to prevent build-up of waste products from normal metabolic processes. In addition, the kidneys remove excess water to prevent edema and bloating.
However, because our kidneys are constantly working, they can experience a lot of wear and tear. Because they also filter large volumes of blood, the kidneys are exposed to all the drugs and chemicals that are dissolved in it. When the kidneys get damaged, the tubules within the kidney allow larger particles to pass through. Normally, blood cells, protein, and sugars stay in the blood, but damaged kidneys allow these materials to pass into the urine. Sudden kidney damage is known as acute kidney injury (AKI) while prolonged damage is chronic kidney disease (CKD).