Prevention of HIV transmission
HIV is transmitted from person to person. The best way to prevent this from happening is by using protection every time you have oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone. You should also not share needles with anyone and avoid coming into contact with the blood, semen, vaginal or anal fluids as well as breastmilk of someone with HIV. HIV cannot be transmitted via sweat, urine, or saliva.
To prevent HIV, you need to always remember to use external male condoms or internal female condoms. If you have to inject drugs, make sure that you use a sterile needle and syringe every single time. Sharing of equipment is a big no-no. If you have multiple sexual partners, engage in unprotected sexual intercourse, or use illegal drugs that involve needles, regular testing for HIV is necessary.
AIDS can be prevented if proper treatment can be done to stop the advance of HIV. You can do this by taking in antiretroviral treatment which is effective and available to all. Antiretroviral treatment reduces the level of HIV in the body to such low levels that a blood test can no longer detect it.
Always remember, a person may have HIV, but it may not lead to AIDS. But anyone who has AIDS has HIV because AIDS is the last stage of an HIV infection. HIV used to be a deadly disease, but it now has treatments available. As long as you take the medication, you can still live a long and healthy life even if you are HIV positive.