For a blood test, you may not require any preparation. However, it is best to check with your doctor if you need to fast before the test.
It is a best practice to inform your doctor about the medications or herbals you take. Some of the medications or herbals might influence the results. In such cases, your doctor may ask you to avoid the consumption of such medications or herbals for a specific period.
Understanding the Results
The HCG is calculated in milli-international units per milliliter, which is referred to as mIU/mL. The normal range of HCG may vary based on the laboratory. It is important to get your reports verified by your doctor.
The test results may be mentioned in a qualitative or quantitative way.
In qualitative beta HCG, your results are indicated as positive or negative. A positive beta HCG is an indication that you are pregnant. While a negative beta HCG is an indication that you are not pregnant.
In quantitative beta HCG, your results are indicated in numbers, meaning the count of hormones.
If you are not pregnant, your beta HCG level might be less than 10 mIU/mL.
The HCG level varies every week. In week 3 of pregnancy, the HCG level may be between 5 and 50 mIU/mL. While in the 25 to 40 weeks of pregnancy, the HCG level may be between 3,640 to 117,000 mIU/mL.
The HCG levels may elevate in between 9 and 12 weeks of pregnancy. The rise in the HCG levels may eventually go down as pregnancy progresses. Your results might show high levels of HCG if your conceiving date has been not calculated properly.
HCG levels that are lower than the normal levels are an indication of miscarriage, potential miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy.