A baby born with severe microcephaly might also have a backwards-sloping forehead.
Finally, please note that microcephaly may be a part of a syndrome of congenital abnormalities, meaning the baby may have other health issues.
Treatment for Microcephaly
Currently, there is no cure available for this condition. However, doctors shall provide medication and therapies to help improve the baby’s health condition and help them cope with problems in development, behavior, and seizures.
A child with mild microcephaly will need regular medical checkups to make sure their growth and development are on the right track.
Children with severe cases of the condition might need lifelong treatment. Their symptoms require treatment in order to keep them under control. This is because some of the symptoms can be fatal (seizures, for example). Through correct lifelong treatment, and love and support from the family, the child can lead a happy and peaceful life.
Some treatment options include:
- Medicines to deal with mental problems like seizures or hyperactivity and to improve nerve and muscle functions
- Speech therapy
- Physical and occupational therapy
While there is no guaranteed or proven treatment to prevent congenital microcephaly, acquired microcephaly can be avoided if pregnant women do the following:
- Have a healthy eating plan with good foods and prenatal vitamins
- Avoid consumption of alcohol
- Stay away from chemicals
- Wash your hands at regular intervals
- Follow timely treatment for any illness
- Refrain from changing the litter box of pets, as these may contain parasites
- Use insect repellents which are labelled “safe during pregnancy”
Learn more about Premature Babies here.