Mild cases of the condition may cause a small head, but no other severe problems to the child. Gradually, the head continues to grow, however, it might not reach the head circumference of that of a normal child.
While some children with microcephaly face learning difficulties, others might not have the same problem. Others will not experience any problems.
Other symptoms include:
- Trouble with balancing and coordination
- Delayed development in sitting, standing, walking, etc.
- Difficulty swallowing and feeding problems
- Hearing impairment
- Hyperactivity (a condition in which the child has difficulty in concentrating or staying calm)
- Short height
- Speech and vision problems
- Abnormal muscle tone (either too loose or too tight)
- A child may have very short stature or dwarfism
A baby born with severe microcephaly might also have a backwards-sloping forehead.
Treatment for Microcephaly
Currently, there is no cure available for this condition. However, doctors shall provide medication and therapies to help improve the baby’s health condition and help them cope with problems in development, behavior, and seizures.
A child with mild microcephaly will need regular medical checkups to make sure his/her growth and development are on the right track.
Children with severe cases of the condition might need lifelong treatment. Their symptoms require treatment in order to keep them under control. This is because some of the symptoms can be fatal (seizures, for example). Through correct lifelong treatment, and love and support from the family, the child can lead a happy and peaceful life.