Diagnosing a Tongue Ulcer
The diagnostic process for a tongue ulcer depends on the number of ulcers, and severity and location of the condition. The process of diagnosis is a combination of physical examination and investigation of symptoms and medicine intake.
Take your medical record of doctors’ prescriptions as your doctor is likely to study them carefully. In case you are taking other over-the-counter (OTC) medications as well, discuss them with your doctor.
After carefully analysing the symptoms, the doctor will decide whether medical tests are required.
For ulcers that the doctor wants to investigate further, biopsies and other diagnostic tests can be recommended. Ulcers that have not subsided within 3 weeks are referred for a biopsy to eliminate the risk of chronic infections. If the doctor suspects that the tongue ulcer may be due to vitamin deficiencies, allergic reaction, or autoimmune disorder, other tests may be recommended.
Mouth ulcers regardless of their location usually resolve on their own in about 10-14 days.
If required, the treatment options are as follows:
- Tongue ulcers due to trauma, which have developed over one week, can be effectively treated with anesthetic anti-inflammatory throat spray or mouthwash. These help in healing the ulcer and maintaining good oral hygiene.
- Sores that make eating and drinking difficult are usually treated with topical drugs if they last for more than two weeks and do not subside on their own.
- Non-prescription pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen may help in case the ulcers are of a mild, uncomplicated nature.
Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies for Tongue Ulcer
Below are some lifestyle changes and home remedies that are advised if you have a tongue ulcer:
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