Causes and Risk Factors
The actual cause of tongue cancer is unknown.
However, smoking and alcohol consumption are strongly linked to causing this type of cancer. Another possible cause is poor oral hygiene. Other causes of this type of cancer also come from chronic irritation due to jagged teeth, dentures that do not fit well, and projecting fillings.
If a person has any of the risk factors mentioned below, then they are prone to getting this type of cancer, however, this does not mean that it is a guarantee that they will have tongue cancer.
- Men who are included in the older age bracket are prone to getting tongue cancer. However, there are instances where younger men get diagnosed with this type of cancer as well.
- Smoking and alcohol consumption are also risk factors. If people do these often, then it is most likely that they may develop this type of cancer compared to people who do not smoke or drink.
- People who are diagnosed with HPV (human papillomavirus) may have an increased risk of getting this type of cancer.
- Diet is another risk factor because the lack of vitamins and minerals from fruits and vegetables will increase the chances of getting tongue cancer.
- Weak immune system
- Previous cancer
- Genetic condition
Tongue Cancer Treatment and Prevention
The primary treatments for this type of cancer involve radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy, and any one of these can be combined or done individually. All these treatments are not necessary for every type of tongue cancer since the treatments depend on what stage and progression.