Types of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
UTI can be classified into two categories depending on the location of the infection in the urinary system. These are as below:
Lower tract infections
Caused by intestinal bacteria, this type of UTI can affect the bladder, urethra, or prostate. Infection in the bladder and urethra are called cystitis and urethritis respectively.
In this type of urinary tract infection, the bacteria enters the urinary tract from below and spreads from the skin to the urethra and then gradually to the bladder. Urethritis may also occur as a result of microorganisms that are transmitted through sexual contact if one has chlamydia or gonorrhea. The urinary tract infection in the prostate of males, known as prostatitis, is caused due to the inflammation of this organ.
Upper tract infections
Bacteria may spread and stay in the upper organs of the urinary tract like ureter. On the other hand, bacteria in kidneys may be left behind along with the blood flow that has been supplied to the kidneys.
Symptoms of UTI in men
The symptoms of this medical condition do not always manifest. When they do, here are the symptoms to look out for:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Sudden and uncontrollable urges to urinate
- Difficulty to start urinating
- Discomfort, pain, or burning sensation while urinating
- Leaking urine
- Frequently waking up at night to urinate
- Urinating more than usual
- Pain in central lower abdomen
- Restricted flow of urine despite the uncontrollable urge
- Blood in urine
- Urine with odor
Symptoms of complications in urinary tract infection indicate that the bacteria has spread to the upper urinary tract like the kidneys. These symptoms are as follows: