About one in six men experience prostatitis at one point in their life, and can cause a lot of pain and discomfort if left untreated. Knowing what causes prostatitis, as well as the differences of acute versus chronic prostatitis helps men be more mindful of their health, especially as they grow older.
What is Prostatitis?
Simply put, prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, or the small organ found below the bladder.
Prostatitis can be very painful, depending on how severe the condition is as well as if it is acute versus chronic prostatitis. In some cases, the prostate gets infected, but it is also possible that the prostate suddenly becomes inflamed and swells up.
The symptoms of prostatitis can be similar to that of an enlarged prostate, since the swelling causes pressure on the bladder, making it more difficult to urinate. The main difference is that prostatitis is painful, and can occur to men of any age.
What Causes Prostatitis?
Prostatitis can be caused by bacteria traveling up the urethra and up to the prostate. However, it is also possible that bacteria from other parts of the urinary tract can get in the prostate and cause inflammation.
It is also believed that other factors such as stress, depression, inflammation, as well as problems in the pelvic muscles can cause prostatitis. This can sometimes make it difficult to treat prostatitis, especially if the exact cause cannot be identified.
Acute Versus Chronic Prostatitis: What Are Their Differences?
There are two main types of prostatitis, namely, acute and chronic prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis is a recurring infection or inflammation of the prostate. This is the more common type of prostatitis, and can either be caused by bacteria from the urinary tract infecting the prostate, or a repeated inflammation of the prostate.
Chronic prostatitis caused by infection accounts for about 90% of cases, and is by far the most common form of prostatitis. It is also the most difficult to treat since it can sometimes be impossible to find the exact cause of inflammation.