People wore masks to prevent droplet spread, and transportation terminals such as airports had public health officers to conduct temperature and health checks.
Contact tracing was also done to track people who might have been in contact with a SARS patient, and to prevent them from spreading the disease further.
Is there a test for SARS?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are several laboratory tests that can be used to detect SARS.
One of which is a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test makes use of specimens like blood, stool, and nasal secretions. Another option is a serological test that looks at antibodies produced after the infection. Lastly, viral culture is also known to be used for detecting SARS.
Is there a cure for SARS?
When the World Health Organization announced in July 2003 that the virus had been contained, there was still no cure for SARS. And to date, there is still no cure for the mysterious disease.
SARS patients, however, were treated by providing relief for the symptoms and complications while the patient’s body fights off the virus.
Treatment will normally require hospitalization for intensive care, and patients are usually given IV fluids and medications, and a ventilator to help them breathe.
Is there a vaccine for SARS?
In 2004, US researchers developed a vaccine for SARS and gave it to some laboratory mice for trial and were then exposed to the virus. They found that the mice who were given the vaccine had few virus particles in their lungs compared to those who weren’t given any.
Later in China, they gave the vaccine to people and found that there were very few side effects associated with the SARS vaccine.
Researchers say that an effective SARS vaccine takes three to five years to produce. The vaccine was never sold since the virus and contagion was already under control before the vaccine was ready.