Studies show that various genetic disorders can also be a leading cause of heart arrhythmias. Examples of causes of cardiac arrhythmias that are genetically connected are:
- Long QT syndrome
- Brugada syndrome
- Some forms of heart block and bundle branch block
- Sick sinus syndrome in young people
- Certain types of atrial fibrillation
- Certain types of ventricular tachycardia
Aging has been known to cause various medical complications, and cardiac arrhythmia is one of them. The scarring within the cardiac muscle may lead to sinus syndrome, heart blocks, or atrial fibrillation.
This is one of the reasons why the elderly may require pacemakers.
Various system disorders such as kidney diseases, diabetes, dehydration, and the likes can cause heart arrhythmias. Since electrolytes help conduct the electrical impulses in the heart, having a deficit can affect your heart’s rhythm and can lead to development of arrhythmias.
The common types of metabolic disorders that can cause heart arrhythmias are:
- Hypokalemia (low potassium levels)
- Hyperkalemia (high potassium levels)
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium levels)
- Hypocalcemia (low calcium levels)
Another common cause of heart arrhythmia would be anesthesia. Patients who are placed under the influence of anesthesia may experience heart arrhythmias.
People who experience cardiac trauma from chest wounds may experience muffled heart tones, murmurs, or arrhythmias.
There are instances that may put you at a higher risk of developing cardiac arrhythmias. This includes the following:
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