Treatment of hypocholesterolemia
After doing a lipid panel to determine the amount of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides, low cholesterol can be spotted. Your doctor will conduct a complete physical exam and patient interview to determine possible causes.
Low cholesterol due to cancer or chronic malnutrition typically requires supplemental feeding. Appetite stimulants may be given to encourage eating. Blood transfusion along with supplementation are necessary for severe blood loss and anemia.
Patients with genetic mutations such as familial hypobetalipoproteinemia may have steatorrhea (oily stools), trouble absorbing vitamins A, D, E, and K, and depression. Limiting dietary fat and taking fat-soluble vitamin supplements can reduce symptoms and nutritional deficiency. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for these genetic abnormalities.
Some studies show that low cholesterol can increase the chance of depression and suicidal thoughts. The exact mechanism is unknown, however, researchers believe that low cholesterol affects serotonin levels.
Less serotonin results in mood disorders, anxiety, and sleep disturbances. Medications and psychiatric therapy are available as treatment.
In summary, treatment of hypocholesterolemia involves adjusting your diet and supplementing with fat-soluble vitamins. If the underlying cause is due to a treatable disease or condition such as anemia or malnutrition, these should be addressed first.
Cholesterol levels will likely improve once managed. However, genetic mutations of LDL are incurable and can present with different symptoms.
Learn more about managing your cholesterol, here.