Best Treatment for Varicose Veins
At-home and self-care tips
As previously mentioned, varicose veins and spider veins form when the valves become weak and blood accumulates in the veins. The same with many conditions, prevention is better than cure. Unfortunately, there are no remedies or medications you can take at home to get rid of varicose veins once they appear.
Firstly, check if you have any risk factors or family history of varicose veins. Avoid these factors when you can. However, if your job requires you to stand for most of your shift, be sure to pace or walk around from time to time. This prevents pooling of blood in the legs by contracting your leg muscles. Opt for more comfortable shoes that support your arches instead of high heels. When you get home, try elevating your legs to relieve pressure.
Next, compression socks and stockings can help prevent varicose veins from forming. These work by adding pressure outside of the veins which promotes normal blood flow instead of backflow.
Lastly, maintaining a healthy BMI and doing regular exercises prevent varicose vein formation. Cardiovascular exercises like jogging and strength-training exercises like squats and lunges strengthen the muscles of the legs and maintain a healthy circulation.
Surgery and Less Invasive Procedures
The best treatment for varicose veins depends on your personal history and severity of varicosity. There are several effective procedures that are currently available.
The best treatment for varicose veins that are still small is a procedure called sclerotherapy. This involves injecting a special solution (sclerosant) into the affected veins. The solution causes the enlarged veins to collapse and scar, which will be healed naturally by the body afterward. An ultrasound device is also used during the procedure to guide the doctor. It takes 2 to 3 sessions of sclerotherapy to see full results.
In addition, larger varicose veins can be treated with foam sclerotherapy. Instead of the usual liquid solution, a jet of air is added which creates a foam within the vein. This has a similar effect as regular sclerotherapy but is more effective on larger veins. The procedure is relatively painless, although some patients experience some stinging or discomfort after the injection.