- Difficulty sleeping at night (lying awake for the most part)
- Waking up in the middle of the night (or too early) and having a hard time going back to sleep
- Feeling tired and fatigued (or not feeling well-rested at all) when you wake up
Other symptoms during the day may be caused by inadequate sleep. For instance, you may have low energy throughout the day while dealing with some mood disturbances.
Moreover, it can make you feel worried, depressed, or irritable. This might get you in the recall and concentration of things. A person suffering from insomnia is also more prone to errors and accidents. Thus, impairing your social, professional, and even academic performances.
What Causes Insomnia?
There are several causes and factors that can lead to this sleep disorder. Some of which are stress, irregular sleep patterns, lifestyle, physical illness or pain, or even other mental health disorders.
Stress can cause a powerful reaction in the body, which makes getting a good night’s sleep difficult. Work, school, and social relationships are several aspects of life that can trigger different stress responses.
Chronic stress, including post-traumatic stress disorder, can result from exposure to distressing experiences (PTSD).
In addition to that, hyperarousal is often caused by the body’s physical response to stress, or by mental stress. Inability to sleep may become a stressor in itself, making it even more difficult to reverse the trend of stress and insomnia.
Irregular sleep patterns
Truth be told, most people have sleep patterns that induce the circadian rhythm to be out of sync.
Irregular sleep patterns are common to people who experience jetlag and those who need to manage shift work. Because a person’s body cannot adjust to a quick change in time zone, jet lag disrupts sleep. Shift work, on the other hand, entails being awake all night and sleeping during the day. These can result in a disruption in both the circadian rhythm and sleeplessness.
Insomnia can worsen over time when a person continues with unhealthy habits and routines linked to lifestyle, food, and alcohol. Dietary habits, though often disregarded, could have a part in sleeping difficulties.