What are the possible complications?
When the signs of narcissistic personality disorder are not correctly managed, they may result in complications such as alcoholism and drug abuse, anxiety and depression, conflicts in school or work, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.
What treatments are available for narcissistic personality disorder?
To manage the signs of narcissistic personality disorders, doctors often recommend counseling and certain lifestyle changes. They may also prescribe medication to treat symptoms related to anxiety and depression.
Counseling for NPD is usually centered on psychotherapy or talk therapy. Psychotherapy helps patients better understand and handle their emotions so that they can establish and maintain healthier, more enjoyable relationships.
Two psychotherapy approaches that doctors use to treat NPD are:
Mentalization-based treatment. In this approach, the therapist helps the patient identify their emotions and understand why they feel them. Mentalization-based therapy also helps the patient recognize other people’s state of mind.
Transference-focused psychotherapy. This method emphasizes the interaction between the patient and the therapist. Here, the therapist asks questions and guides the patient to evaluate their unrealistic sense of self. Transference-focused psychotherapy centers on the present rather than the past.
The Risk Factors, Warning Signs, and Drivers of Suicide