Interestingly, the results of her analysis showed that parents of self-reliant children have a high level of communication and a high level of standards.
This means that these parents talk to their kids about their life choices to guide them. They express their expectations when it comes to their children’s school achievements as well as their socialization. Moreover, their expectations come with standards and they explain these standards to their kids.
In the end, Baumrind identified these parents as authoritative parents who express their love through communication and standards.
But, what about parents who have either a low level of communication or a low level of standards. This question led her to explore more about parenting styles.
Distinguishing the Parenting Styles in the Philippines
Aside from the authoritative parenting style, Baumrind also identified permissive and authoritarian parenting styles. These three models by Baumrind became the focus of various researches here in our country.
Interestingly, different studies suggest different predominant parenting styles in the Philippines.
Authoritative Parenting Style
In a paper, Parenting in the Philippines: A review of research literature from 2004 to 2014, the researchers discovered that the most commonly practiced parenting style in the Philippines is the authoritative parenting style.
Like what we’ve described earlier, authoritative parents show their love through communication and standards. They blend parenting practices of setting limits and high expectations, allowing a level of independence, and offering strong emotional support.
Many kinds of literature, albeit in the context of Western settings, show a positive connection between the authoritative parenting style and social competence of children. It also appears to bring positive effects on a child’s academic performance.
For example, let’s say a teenage kid skips school. The authoritative parents will talk to their children and ask why they decided to skip classes. They will listen, but also express their disappointment. Furthermore, they will explain why they need limits.