The typical 12-step addiction therapy outline:
- Admitting the addiction is out of your control.
- Believing that a higher power (e.g. God) can help.
- Turning control over to the higher power.
- Taking a personal inventory.
- Confession or admission of wrongs.
- Make yourself ready for correction.
- Allow the higher power to correct your shortcomings.
- Create a list of wrongs done to others and make amends.
- Reconnect with those whom you’ve hurt, unless it would cause harm.
- Continue taking personal inventory and admitting wrongdoings.
- Pray and meditate regularly.
- Use your knowledge to mentor and guide others in need.
In addition to individual treatment, group therapy is a common approach. Connecting and interacting with others fosters a sense of togetherness and understanding. Patients in centers far away from their home may feel especially lonely, as treatment can last for months.
However, group therapy is not for everyone. In some cases, group sessions may inadvertently worsen or reinforce addiction. Minors with dependency and addiction problems are especially susceptible to peer pressure.
Another approach is Family Behavior Therapy (FBT). FBT involves the patient along with one or more family members. It aims to address addiction as well as underlying problems that may be environmental and social triggers. In addition, FBT improves family relationships and home environments so that patients can safely return home. The inclusion of family members is especially powerful for adolescents.
Additionally, many addiction treatment approaches include religious or spiritual components. The majority of these treatment modalities use Christian-based teachings. Generally, addiction is a sin or consequence of sin. However, as per Christian teaching, forgiveness is always an option.
Even patients who are non-practicing or non-religious can benefit from these teachings.
Detoxing also happens in rehab. Substance use and dependency cause chemical imbalances in the body. By clearing these chemicals and neutralizing side effects, the body can start to recover.
Additionally, withdrawal symptoms are one of the major barriers to successfully quitting substance abuse. These symptoms vary depending on the individual and what type of addiction they have. Usually, withdrawal is most intense during the first week after quitting. Psychological or social support during this time is essential to prevent early relapse.
In order to reduce withdrawal symptoms and improve recovery, medications may be prescribed. Oftentimes, other mental health issues co-exist before or during addiction. Treating the co-existing or accompanying mental health issue is also recommended. This can be done through psychotherapy and other treatment modalities.
If the patient was previously taking medications before entering rehab, they should continue taking them unless advised otherwise by a doctor.