The causes of the medical condition also depend on the type of bacteria that is responsible for it.
Causes of bacillary dysentery
Caused due to the growth of bacteria called shigella bacillus, bacillary dysentery or shigellosis occurs due to poor hygiene. Contaminated food may also be one of the sources.
Causes of amoebic dysentery
Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis is caused by an amoeba called Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). The infection may occur due to poor sanitation, leading to the contamination of food and water. This amoeba can survive for a long span of time outside the human body, lingering on people’s hands after a visit to the washroom. Once they enter the body, they fuse together to form a cyst, which is excreted along with the faeces. Maintaining good hygiene at all times is the only effective solution for preventing the spread of this amoeba.
Chemical irritation, viral infections and parasitic worm infections may also cause dysentery.
Risk factors and complications
Risk factors of this conditions include:
- Poor sanitation
- Eating unhygienic food
- Drinking contaminated water
Below are some possible complications of the health condition:
Frequent bouts of diarrhea and vomiting rips the body of its water content, leading to dehydration. This may even prove to be life-threatening amongst infants and young children.
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Shigella dysenteriae can make the red blood cells (RBCs) block the opening of the kidneys. This, in turn, may cause kidney failure, anemia, or low platelet count.
An abscess can form in the liver if the amoebae spreads to the organ.
A dysentery infection may lead to pain in the joints.
Dysentery may also raise the risk of seizures.
The diagnostic procedure usually followed for this health condition is as below:
Your doctor will examine you thoroughly on the basis of your symptoms.
The doctor will ask you about your present and past medical history as well as your genetic medical history. This will help him/her evaluate whether the symptoms are side effects of drugs that you are taking currently or have taken in the recent past. This process assists doctors in eliminating some possible causes and moving closer towards successful diagnosis of the health condition.