Sedentary Lifestyle. Another one of the causes and risk factors of diabetes type 2 is the lack of physical activity. Scientists emphasize that being active is highly advantageous because it:
- Helps you control your weight, thereby preventing overweight and obesity.
- Makes your cells more sensitive to insulin, which means less possibility for insulin resistance.
- Generally allows your body to use glucose for energy.
A study even stated that you can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 50% if you increase your physical activity.
Health Conditions that Predispose a Person to Type 2 Diabetes
Some conditions can make you more prone to type 2 diabetes. These are:
Prediabetes happens when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be categorized as diabetes. Please take note that prediabetes is reversible and preventable. Moreover, it shares many risk factors with type 2 diabetes.
Doctors observed that if you developed diabetes during your pregnancy (gestational diabetes), you are more likely to have type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, mothers who gave birth to a big baby (more than 4 kg in weight) are also more at risk.
Conditions that Affect Heart Health
The causes and risk factors of diabetes type 2 may also include:
- High blood pressure
- Low levels of good cholesterol
- High levels of triglycerides (fats)
- History of a heart disease or stroke
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Women who have PCOS are often insulin resistant, making them more vulnerable to diabetes type 2. Additionally, PCOS is sometimes characterized by symptoms like obesity.
Acanthosis nigricans is physical evidence of insulin resistance. People who have this condition exhibit dark, thick, and velvety skin on their groin, armpits, and neck.
There exact reason why someone develops diabetes is still unknown, but there are identified factors associated with the condition. To reduce your risk, focus on the modifiable risk factors of type 2 diabetes such as weight and lifestyle.
Learn more about Type 2 Diabetes here.