Non-Modifiable Risk Factors
The non-modifiable risk factors for Type 2 DM are the following:
Family History. According to reports, your risk of developing diabetes significantly increases when at least one of your relatives is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. In fact, you are 2 to 6 times more at risk if one of your parents, siblings, or children has type 2 diabetes.
Race or ethnicity. Various records have observed that people who of Asian, African, Hispanic, Native American, and Polynesian descent are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Age. Age is also one of the causes and risk factors of diabetes type 2. Your risk of developing diabetes increases with age, especially if you’re over 45 years old. While age is technically a non-modifiable risk factor, medical experts suggest that it may be connected to some of the modifiable risk factors of the type 2 diabetes. For instance, as people get older, they generally have a slower metabolism, have less time for exercise and can consequently gain more weight.
Modifiable Risk Factors
These are the risk factors you can “control” through lifestyle and diet:
Weight. One of the most notable modifiable risk factors of type 2 diabetes is being overweight or obese. Though the association between weight and type 2 diabetes is still not clearly understood, scientists have identified some patterns:
- Studies have concluded that by reducing obesity, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes can drop by up to 75%.
- Extra weight can cause insulin resistance.
- The location of the body fat matters. Reports highlight that extra fat in the belly can influence insulin resistance and cardiovascular conditions. More specifically, a man with a waist circumference of 40 inches or a woman with a waistline of 35 inches is more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
While obesity is a main risk factor for the disease, a person does not have to be overweight or obese to develop type 2 diabetes.