But why do migraines even happen in the first place? And what makes migraines different from other types of headaches?
What are migraines?
A migraine is a severe and painful type of headache. It is mostly felt as a throbbing or pulsing type of pain, and usually manifests on one side of the head. People who experience a migraine can also feel nauseous, or start vomiting. Sensitivity to light and sound can also accompany the symptoms of migraine.
It can last from hours to even days, and severely affects a person’s ability to perform their daily activities. Some people also experience “aura” right before the headache. An aura can present as bright spots, flashing lights, zigzag lines, or numbness and tingling sensation in the lips, tongue, fingers, hands, and lower face. Aura lasts for 5 to 20 minutes and then the headache soon starts.
Migraines can be triggered by a number of things, and for the most part, avoiding these triggers can help prevent migraines.
What triggers migraines?
Here are some of the possible things that can trigger migraines.
Majority of people who suffer from migraine also suffer from stress. In fact, stress is the number one cause of migraines. Things that can contribute to stress are problems at work, personal or relationship problems, finances, anxiety, as well as depression.
Lack of sleep
Lack of sleep is another common trigger for migraines, especially for those who work the graveyard shift, or for those who have insomnia. Sleep is important when it comes to allowing you to rest and recharge. Not having enough sleep can mean that you are already pushing yourself too hard.
If you are constantly suffering from a lack of sleep, chances are, you are also suffering from migraine.
Did you know that women are three times more likely to have migraines compared to men? About 75% of women tend to experience migraine right around the start of their menstrual cycle. This is mainly due to the fluctuating levels of progesterone and estrogen hormones in their bodies.