While treatment depends on the type of allergies a patient can have, there are 4 common strategies to treating an allergy:
Active avoidance of allergens. This requires certain lifestyle and dietary changes with guidance from a doctor.
Medication. Some medications such as antihistamine can mitigate a patient’s allergic reaction.
Immunotherapy. This is another form of treatment for patients with severe symptoms. It usually involves exposing the patient with allergen extracts that have been purified. This helps a patient build natural immunity to the allergen in question.
First aid solutions. In emergency cases and situations, first aid medications such as epinephrine may be used during an allergic reaction.
Unfortunately, there is no foolproof way of preventing the onset of allergic reactions, as it is often impossible to prevent an allergy from developing. However, certain measures may lower the risk to some degree. This includes regular general cleaning, using specific types of materials to avoid allergens in a patient’s home, avoiding certain foods, and constructing a pet-free home environment.
Likewise, healthy lifestyle choices, such as quitting smoking, have proven to be somewhat effective in increasing the overall quality of life of some patients. For example, children have exhibited a lower risk of developing allergic asthma if they have been breastfed in the first six months of life.