Viral gastroenteritis is one cause of diarrhea with vomiting. This condition results in the inflammation, irritation, and swelling of the inner lining of the GI tract.
The most common viruses that cause this infection are:
Norovirus infection is the usual culprit for cases of viral gastroenteritis in recent reported outbreaks, in cruise ships, for instance. Meanwhile, Rotavirus, Adenovirus, and Astrovirus can affect people of all ages, but they more commonly affect infant kids.
You can get viral gastroenteritis when you:
- Have close contact with someone infected by any of the viruses mentioned above.
- Touched surfaces or objects that an infected person previously held.
- Ate foods that are prepared by someone infected with the viruses.
For these reasons, properly washing your hands is very important. Moreover, it’s also crucial to disinfect surfaces and objects you frequently touch or use.
Other Signs and Symptoms
Aside from diarrhea with vomiting, people with viral gastroenteritis also experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Nausea (feeling sick)
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Aching arms and legs
- Loss of appetite (due to nausea and vomiting)
To treat gastroenteritis, you need to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. When you go to the hospital, the doctor may prescribe anti-vomiting or anti-diarrheal drugs.