What Is the Main Cause of Myoma?
Although myoma is the most common benign tumor in women of reproductive age, its main cause is still a mystery.
However, it’s safe to say that myoma or uterine fibroids are “under hormonal control”. This is because almost all cases show patterns that relate to a woman’s progesterone and estrogen levels.
- Myoma tends to grow rapidly when a woman is pregnant. Experts say it’s likely because the levels of the progesterone and estrogen hormones are high during pregnancy.
- Interestingly, the fibroids shrink when a patient uses anti-hormone medications.
- Finally, researchers have determined that the fibroids stop growing or shrink considerably when a woman reaches menopause. As we know, once a woman is in menopause, the levels of estrogen and progesterone drop significantly.
For many doctors, it’s not surprising that hormones contribute the most to myoma development. After all, progesterone and estrogen are the hormones responsible for the proliferation of the uterine lining during each menstrual cycle to prepare for pregnancy.
Scientists also explain that uterine fibroids have more estrogen and progesterone receptors than normal uterine muscles.
But aside from hormones, other factors also increase a woman’s risk of developing uterine fibroids or myoma.
What Causes Myoma to Grow: Other Risk Factors
What causes myoma to grow other than the shift in the levels of estrogen and progesterone? According to research, the following factors may come into play:
The relationship between a woman’s age and the development of myoma is a little tricky, but according to studies: