Pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnancy and childbirth are “active areas” of research about pelvic floor dysfunction.
Several reports indicate pregnancy as a common cause of PFD, with women often developing the condition after giving birth. Experts explain that the pelvic floor muscles experience straining during delivery, especially when the labor is long and difficult. The pressure on the muscles may contribute to problems in the pelvic floor tone.
In other studies, researchers found out that PFD risk increases with the number of childbirths a woman goes through. Additionally, the risk heightens if the mother undergoes assisted delivery with vacuum or forceps. Giving birth via Cesarean section may reduce the risk, but it doesn’t eliminate it.
Overusing the pelvic floor
According to experts, overusing the pelvic floor may be one of the causes of pelvic floor dysfunction. Overuse can happen due to:
- Overweight or obesity, as it adds pressure to the pelvis
- Pushing too hard during bowel movements
- Chronic coughing because of an underlying condition
- Heavy lifting
Weak pelvic floor muscles
PFD may also be the result of weak pelvic floor muscles. The muscles can weaken due to aging or even genetics. Experts highlight that genes also dictate the strength of a person’s muscles, bones, and tissues. People born with weak pelvic floor muscles may experience PFD.
Trauma and surgery
People who went through a physically traumatic incident that affected their pelvis may develop PFD. Pelvic surgery, such as hysterectomy, also increases the risk.
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