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Uterine Didelphys Symptoms: When A Woman Has Two Wombs

Uterine Didelphys Symptoms: When A Woman Has Two Wombs

Did you know that some women experience two periods a month? And it’s not because of their irregular menstrual cycle; it’s because they have two wombs or uteruses. This condition is called uterine didelphys or double uterus. Here’s what you need to know about uterine didelphys symptoms and management.

What Causes Double Uterus?

Uterine didelphys is a congenital condition, which means it’s present before birth.

The uterus develops from two small tubes called Mullerian ducts, the early structure that develops into the female reproductive organ. Typically, the Mullerian ducts fuse, forming a large hollow organ – the uterus.

With uterine didelphys, however, the Mullerian ducts don’t join together. Instead, each develops into a separate womb.

Now, a double uterus may have just one opening (cervix) into one vagina, or each has a separate cervix. In many cases, a thin tissue runs through the vagina, separating it into two openings.

The exact reason uterine didelphys happens is still unknown, but doctors believe genetics may be a factor as the condition sometimes runs within families.

Uterine Didelphys Symptoms and Diagnosis

It’s normal for a woman with uterine didelphys to not experience any symptoms, but if they do, they might visit the doctor for the following reasons:

  • Unusual cramping or pressure before or during periods
  • Too much bleeding
  • Menstruation that’s not stopped by a tampon. In this case, the woman inserts a tampon in one vagina, but the blood escapes through the other opening.
  • Repeated miscarriages or preterm labor

Finally, some women only knew about their condition during a routine pelvic exam where the doctor noticed a double cervix or unusually shaped uterus. They might order imaging tests for confirmation, such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.

When to Seek Medical Help

Experts advise women to contact their healthcare provider if they experience uterine didelphys symptoms, particularly heavy bleeding or menstruation not stopped by a tampon.

Treatment for Uterine Didelphys

Women without uterine didelphys symptoms rarely need treatment. However, the doctor may recommend surgery if they have difficulty with their pregnancies.

If the woman only has a partial division within her womb, the doctor may recommend surgery to unite the two uteruses. This is especially the case if they cannot find any other reason for previous pregnancy loss besides uterine didelphys.

If the woman has two vaginas, she may be a candidate for surgery that removes the tissue that runs along the vagina. This might make childbirth easier.

Uterine Didelphys Symptoms and Pregnancy

Women with a double uterus may have an increased risk of preterm labor or miscarriages. This is mainly because their uteruses are smaller than usual.

Are you wondering if both uteruses can hold a baby at the same time? If so, note that they can’t. The woman may get pregnant in both wombs but at different times. This is because ovulation can no longer occur when pregnancy has already begun.

In case a woman gets pregnant, the doctor will monitor the pregnancy closely. Should there be signs that the baby is not okay, the doctor may recommend early C-section delivery.

Key Takeaways

A double uterus means the woman has two wombs instead of one.

Many women do not experience uterine didelphys symptoms, but they might have two periods in a month, heavy bleeding, unusual cramping, menstruation not stopped by a tampon, or frequent miscarriages. Both uteruses can also hold a baby, but not at the same time.

Women without uterine didelphys symptoms rarely need treatment, but the doctor may recommend surgery if they have difficulty sustaining their pregnancies.

If you experience uterine didelphys symptoms, the best course of action is to get in touch with your doctor as soon as you can.

Learn more about Women’s Health here.

Ovulation Calculator

Ovulation Calculator

Tracking your period cycle, determines your most fertile days and increases your chance of conceiving or applying for birth control.

Ovulation Calculator

Tracking your period cycle, determines your most fertile days and increases your chance of conceiving or applying for birth control.

Ovulation Calculator

Cycle Length

(days)

28

Period Duration

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7

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Uterine Didelphys, https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/conditions/uterine-didelphys Accessed September 13, 2021

Uterus Didelphys, https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/uterus-didelphys Accessed September 13, 2021

Didelphys Uterus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4576003/ Accessed September 13, 2021

Uterus Didelphys: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Impact on Fertility and Reproduction, https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-27231-3_9 Accessed September 13, 2021

Double uterus, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/double-uterus/symptoms-causes/syc-20352261 Accessed September 13, 2021

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Written by Lorraine Bunag, R.N. Updated 2 weeks ago
Fact Checked by Kristel Dacumos-Lagorza
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