Pelvic Pain, Described
Pelvic pain occurs in the lower abdomen, between the belly button and the groin. The specifics of the problem depend on the cause and may vary from woman to woman.
For instance, it can be sudden and sharp (acute) or steady and dull. You may feel the pain in a specific spot within the pelvic region or the entire abdomen. The pain can also be chronic, which indicates that the pain lasts for more than 6 months.
Possible Causes of Pelvic Pain
Pelvic discomfort in a woman may happen due to:
Ovulation and menstrual cramps
When the ovary releases an egg cell (ovulation), you may feel pelvic pain that ranges from a mild twinge to severe discomfort. The ovulation pain occurs on one side of the abdomen, depending on which ovary releases the egg.
Of course, during menstruation, pelvic pain (menstrual cramps) may also happen due to the high levels of prostaglandins. These hormone-like substances help the uterine muscles contract to expel blood and endometrial lining tissues.
Pregnancy and pregnancy-related issues
Some women experience pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PGP) due to stiff or unevenly moving pelvic joints.
Apart from PGP, the other possible causes of pelvic pain include pregnancy issues, such as ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage.
When the fertilization happens in organs outside the womb, such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries (ectopic pregnancy), a woman may feel dull or sharp pelvic pain. Miscarriage pain, on the other hand, generally feels like cramps, which can be mild or intense.
Both ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage pain can be accompanied by light to heavy vaginal bleeding.