There are several types of urinary tract infections. These types are based mainly on where they occur:
Cystitis is a condition where the urinary bladder is inflamed and infected. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by an infection.
Sometimes the infection is not caused by external germs getting inside the bladder. The body has naturally occurring bacteria that can become imbalanced. When that happens it can infect the bladder and cause inflammation.
It’s worth noting that cystitis does not always come from infections. There are certain types of medication that can lead to bladder inflammation.
Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection. Because of the importance of the kidneys in normal body functions, this condition can be very serious and life-threatening.
Normally, the infection starts in the lower part of the urinary tract and it goes up until it reaches the kidneys.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra which is commonly caused by an infection. It causes pain while peeing. Affecting both females and males, this condition can happen to anyone at any age.
Signs and Symptoms
These are the common symptoms of UTI:
- The most common and telling symptom of UTI is a burning sensation when peeing. The sensation can become quite painful.
- The constant sensation that you need to pee, although little urine comes out.
- Urine that is dark-colored.
- Pee that has a very strong odor.
- Fever, which is a sign that the infection has reached the upper section of the urinary tract, including the kidneys. This can be an indication that the infection is getting serious.
- Another symptom is the feeling of pressure and sometimes pain on the lower abdomen or maybe even the lower back if the kidneys have been affected.
Prevention and Treatment
UTI is preventable. Here are some steps that you can take to prevent this condition:
- As mentioned before, women should wipe from front to back whenever they use the toilet.
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. That will cause you to pee more, which can flush away germs in the urinary tract.
- Do not hold your pee because that can increase the chance of infection, especially if there is bacteria in your urine.
- Urinate before and after having sex to remove germs that might get into the urethra.
- Wash your genitals before and after sex to reduce the chance of infection.
- Avoid scented feminine products because they can disrupt the pH level of the vagina.
Antibiotics are the most common forms of treatment for UTI. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to you if it is determined that you need them.
It is understandable if you are hesitant about taking antibiotics and if you prefer treatments that do not rely on those medications.
Here are some treatments that you can use for UTI to avoid taking antibiotics:
- Drink plenty of water to wash away the bacteria causing the infection.
- Consume cranberries as fruits or juice. They can help prevent the bacteria that attach to the walls of the urinary tract.
- Get more vitamin C to boost your immune system.
- Take probiotics which helps in improving your immunity and digestion.
These are just some home remedies you can try for UTI.
It might be okay to treat UTI with home remedies when the condition is still mild, but when you feel that it’s not getting any better or if you’re not feeling any improvement, then it would be better to see a doctor.
Remember that the condition can be dangerous, especially once the kidneys are affected.
Learn more about urological health, here.
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