People prone to gonorrhea, especially dormant gonorrhea, are those who are sexually active and have a previous history of gonorrhea. Sexual partners who currently have gonorrhea, or have a history of having gonorrhea are also prone to spreading the infection.
People who practice unprotected anal sex and oral sex are also at risk of acquiring gonorrhea.
Complications of Dormant Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea can remain asymptomatic for a long period. By the time it manifests signs and symptoms, the infection has probably spread to other parts of the body.
In women, gonorrhea can travel from the cervix and up to the uterus and fallopian tubes. The spreading of gonorrhea to these organs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
If left untreated, PID can cause ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the womb. PID can also cause blockage of the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility.
In men, gonorrhea can infect the epididymis or the tube that stores the sperm which eventually causes sterility.
In rare cases, untreated gonorrhea can spread to the blood and joints. This complication is known as disseminated gonococcal infection. Symptoms include joint pain and skin disorders wherein rashes of red and pink spots become filled with pus.
Getting Checked for Dormant Gonorrhea
The best way to know if you are infected is to get yourself tested for the infection.
If you are sexually active, it is advised that you have a full panel of STI tests at least once a year.
A full panel STI test will not only detect gonorrhea but also other asymptomatic STIs including the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, chlamydia, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Trichomoniasis.
A gonorrhea test is also crucial for pregnant women. This to avoid transmitting the virus to the infant during childbirth.
Dormant gonorrhea occurs when bacterial infection does not show any signs and symptoms. Because gonorrhea does not always show symptoms, people can unknowingly spread the infection. Dormant gonorrhea occurs more often to individuals who engage in unprotected oral and anal sex. A yearly full panel STI test is advised for sexually active people.
Learn more about gonorrhea here.