Congestive heart failure
The third in the list of asthma mimics, this is a heart condition in which inadequate pumping by the heart leads to fluid buildup in the lungs. Breathlessness and inability to exercise may occur.
This happens when during a lung disease there is an injury to the airway walls. This can be due to repeated infection in the airways that causes you to cough excessively.
Upper airflow obstruction
This is a serious condition wherein gland enlargement or a tumor can cause airflow blockage.
This condition occurs due to insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle tissues, which usually occurs due to blockage in the arteries. This may result in a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms include heart pain and shortness of breath. The latter can be mistaken for asthma.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a disorder where the content in your stomach and resultant acids flow back into the esophagus. This leads to heartburn, which can lead to asthma-like symptoms like tightness in the chest, mild breathlessness, etc.
Vocal cord dysfunction
This is a condition where the voice box muscles contract rapidly. This leads to issues in breathing.
Or Respiratory syncytial virus. This is a condition that happens in babies and younger children and causes wheezing. RSV can possibly lead to childhood asthma.
One of the most popular asthma mimics, is a condition that happens when you accidentally breathe food or any other foreign substance into the lungs. This can cause heavy breathing or gasping for breath.
The symptoms of lung cancer and asthma are almost identical. These include coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness. The only difference between the two is that lung cancer comes with bloody mucus, which may occur during the later stages.
Vocal cord paralysis
The last in the list of asthma mimics, vocal cord paralysis occurs when the larynx or voice box nerve impulses are hampered. Because of this, not only is your ability to speak affected, but also your breathing.