Respiratory diseases like COPD, lung cancer, and pneumonia make it difficult for most people to do their jobs and daily tasks. Asthma is another respiratory condition that affects one’s breathing. Though most often not fatal, it can become a nuisance when not treated properly.
It is a long-term disease where the lung’s airways become inflamed and narrow, causing the person to have difficulty breathing.
A person with asthma finds it difficult to breathe, because during an asthma attack, the airways constrict or tighten and the linings of the airway become inflamed.
This causes shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing, due to the constriction of airways.
Asthma Causes and Risk Factors
Dust mites or other allergens
Irritants and allergens, such as dust mites or dander, may irritate the airway and may trigger an asthma attack. So it’s best to avoid dusty environments and maintain a clean home.
Constant exposure to polluted air can trigger asthma. This is especially true for those with a history of the condition.
If you already have asthma, exposure to air pollution may worsen your condition.
Allergy to medications
Some medications, such as pain relievers, cause the body to respond by constricting airways. An allergy to these types of medications can also trigger asthma
When a person starts feeling intense emotions caused by stress, laughing and crying, he may have difficulty in breathing. Panic attacks or anxiety episodes can also trigger asthma attackes.
Sudden change in temperature
When the weather is hot and humid, the air may cause asthma symptoms. Various allergens and pollutants in the air are more aggressive when the weather is hot.
Strenuous activities and exercises
Doing strenuous exercises can cause dehydration and fatigue, triggering asthma.