A common cause of gingivitis is the build-up of plaque because of poor oral hygiene. Plaque is a gummy-feeling film of bacteria covering your teeth that cannot be seen with the naked eye. It is made when the bacteria of your mouth come in contact with starch and sugars from consumed food.
Plaque turns into tartar when left uncleaned. The plaque should be removed frequently. When left on teeth, it will harden over time becoming a hard, yellowed deposit known as tartar. Tartar makes it tough to remove plaque build-up from teeth since it protects bacteria.
Gingivitis can be treated by practicing correct oral care. If left untreated, gingivitis causes the gingiva, the gums surrounding the teeth, to loosen up and exposes bone tissue to bacteria and plaque.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
Strong, pinkish gums indicate healthy gums. The following are symptoms of periodontal disease:
Reddish, swollen gums
Gingivitis causes gums to appear bright red or even a dark purple is a sign of weak gums.
Gums that bleed simply from brushing or flossing
Weak gums will tear and bleed out. This will cause soreness when brushed or flossed.
An unpleasant odor that cannot be removed even after brushing may be a sign of gum disease or an underlying gastrointestinal problem.
Pain or discomfort when chewing, eating, or talking
Weakened teeth from tartar make it difficult for day-to-day activities like eating or speaking.
Untreated gingivitis causes loose teeth because of bacteria contained in plaque and tartar. The built-up bacteria weaken the gums, eventually letting teeth detach and loosen from their sockets.
The following are factors that progress the damage and risk of gum disease:
Age. People, mostly adults, have a higher number in gingivitis cases because of dry mouth and continued accumulation of plaque due to low dental care.