In many parts of the world, the mulberry is used as a medicinal plant due to the many biologically active properties found in its leaves, stem, and roots. It is also an ingredient in many pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic products.
In India, the mulberry is known as “Kalpavriksha” or the divine tree that grants wishes. All of its parts have a use in traditional ayurvedic medicine, where it plays a role in curing many health ailments such as rheumatism and arthritis. Some of the ayurvedic medicine preparations use the fruits, leaves, roots, bark or latex of mulberry.
In Japan and Korea, mulberry leaves are used as a medicine to cure diabetes. Mulberry leaves contain compounds such a 1-deoxynojirmycin (DNJ), isobavachalcone, morachalcon, fagomine, and quercetin which are effective in fighting diabetes.
In China, the tips of young mulberry shoots, as well as the tips of its leaves are made into a tea to control blood pressure. It is also known in the country as a treatment for hypertension, hyperglycemia, fever, and cough.