Before diving into how high cholesterol is acquired, let us first discuss the importance of cholesterol in the body.
What is Cholesterol?
When you hear the word cholesterol, you assume that it connotes something unhealthy. In truth, however, cholesterol is responsible for building healthy cell tissues and certain hormones, making it essential to the body.
Cholesterol may come from your liver or from the food you eat, such as eggs, meats, and dairy.
Types of Cholesterol
Cholesterol is attached to the protein that is carried in the blood. The combination of cholesterol and protein is called a lipoprotein. There are two types of cholesterol based on their lipoproteins.
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol. LDL delivers cholesterol particles into the body. However, LDL tends to build up in the walls of the arteries slowing down blood circulation.
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) good cholesterol. HDL carries excess cholesterol back to the liver.
Factors like an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity can increase the level of LDL in the body. As LDL continues to multiply, there is a higher risk of acquiring high cholesterol and a decrease in HDL.
When LDL grows in number, it will start to form a “plaque” on the walls of the arteries, restricting blood flow. This occurrence might put you at risk of severe complications of high cholesterol, such as stroke and heart disease.
Fatty deposits can build up in your blood vessels when you have high cholesterol. When these deposits pile up, it slows down the blood flow in the arteries.
High cholesterol is most often caused by unhealthy lifestyle choices such as overeating, poor diet, and inactivity. Changing your bad habits can make your condition reversible and treatable.
You may also acquire high cholesterol from genetics. If your family has a history of stroke, heart attack, and other vascular diseases, you may be more prone to having high cholesterol. Fortunately, even with a family history, there are numerous ways to manage your condition.
You may choose to make better lifestyle choices and avoid habits that increase your risk of acquiring high cholesterol. This includes not smoking, avoiding fatty, unhealthy fast-food or processed meats, exercising regularly, and reducing stress. Regardless of condition, a healthier lifestyle can greatly benefit your health. Healthy living can cure or alleviate certain symptoms and prevent the development or worsening of certain health problems. In addition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle will lessen your chances of dealing with the complications of high cholesterol.